Nutrition and Performance in Sport Science at the Tip of the Fork



Nutrition and Performance in Sport Science at the Tip of the Fork


Édité par Christophe Hausswirth

:: Sommaire    :: Détails


Preface

Foreword

Acknowledgements

 

Part 1 : The scientific contributions in the nutrition of the sportsman

 

CHAPTER 1 NUTRITION: FROM TRAINING TO COMPETITION

Topic 1 Carbohydrate, sports drinks and performance: strategies for Olympic sports

1. Introduction

2. Physiological and nutritional demands of sport

3. Carbohydrate ingestion during exercise and performance

4. Carbohydrate during exercise and performance: dose–response

5. Training the gut

6. Maintaining fluid balance during exercise

7. Acknowledgements

8. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 2 Training adaptations by timed nutrition: recent knowledge and practical applications for Rio 2016 perspectives

1. Historical background

2. Training adaptation

3. Effects of altering endogenous carbohydrate availability on cell metabolism, training adaptation and physical performance

4. Effects of altering exogenous carbohydrate availability on cell metabolism, training adaptation and physical performance

5. A novel training strategy: "train high, sleep low

6. Practical adaptations

7. Unanswered questions and directions for future research

8. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 3 Nutrition and the brain

1. Introduction

2. Energy balance and signaling from and to the brain

3. Monoamine neurotransmitters and food intake

4. What is Fatigue?

5. Nutrition to influence central fatigue

5.1 Branched Chain Amino Acids

5.2 Tyrosine

5.3 Carbohydrate

5.4 Caffeine

6. Conclusion

7. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 4 Nutritional needs for training at mid-range altitude

1. Training at altitude

2. Advantages of training at altitude

3. Blood adaptations

4. Metabolic and muscle tissue adaptations

4.1 Adaptations to energy metabolism and effects on body composition

4.2 Muscle adaptations

4.3 Exposure to altitude and production of free radicals

5. Effects of altitude on hydration

6. What practical advice can be given for nutrition while training at mid-range altitude?

6.1 Increase food intake

6.2 Increase carbohydrate intake

6.3 Favour nitrogen intake

6.4 Increase water intake

6.5 Combat the production of oxygen free radical species

6.6 Haemorheology and polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation

7. Conclusion

8. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 5 Fuelling strategies to enhance recovery

1. Introduction

2. Proteins and recovery

2.1 Protein metabolism and recovery

2.2 Proteins, contractile activity and muscle development during recovery

2.3 Chrono-recovery and proteins

2.4 Combining proteins, carbohydrates and leucine for muscle recovery

2.5 Amino acid ingestion and post-exercise mental performance

3. Sugars and recovery

3.1 Role of sugars

3.2 Glycogen resynthesis during recovery

4. Bibliographic references

 

 

CHAPTER 2 NUTRITION, SPORT AND HEALTH

Topic 1 Food, physical activity and health: from research to recommendations

1. Introduction

2. From scientific evidence to public health recommendations

3. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 2 Delivery of nutrition-education systems to elite athletes – The AIS Sports Supplement Programme

1. Introduction

2. Background on sports foods and supplements

3. Key parts of this programme are described below

3.1 AIS hierarchy of supplements and sports foods

4. Education resources underpinning the AIS Sports Supplement Programme

5. Protocols for providing supplements and sports foods to the AIS athletes

5.1 Proactive research programme

5.2 2014 update: from programme to framework

6. Conclusion

7. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 3 Immunonutrition support for athletes: does it work?

1. Introduction

2. Exercise-induced immune dysfunction and infection risk

3. Immunonutrition support for athletes

3.1 Carbohydrate

3.2 Antioxidants

3.3 Glutamine

3.4 Beta-glucan

3.5 Other advanced supplements

3.6 Flavonoids

4. Conclusion and future research

5. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 4 Nutrition and oral hygiene

1. Introduction

2. Specificities of an elite athlete's diet and its consequences for oral hygiene

3. The main dental problems encountered in athletes

3.1 Dental cavities

3.2 Dental erosion

4. Food and oral hygiene

4.1 Sodas and other sweet drinks

4.2 Sports drinks

5. Recommendations to preserve oral hygiene in athletes

6. Bibliographic references

 

CHAPTER 3 NUTRITION AND LIFESTYLE

Topic 1 The development of individual hydration strategies for athletes

1. Introduction

2. Methods of assessing hydration status

3. Methods of assessing water loss

4. Methods of assessing electrolyte loss

5. Water and electrolyte losses: typical findings

6. Practical recommendations

7. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 2 The use and abuse of dietary supplements by athletes

1. Introduction

2. The point on the recent studies

3. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 3 The importance of dairy products in the athlete's daily nutrition

1. Bone health

2. Muscle recovery and gain in muscle mass

3. Reducing mass

4. Energy recovery

5. Rehydration

6. Sleep

7. Conclusion

8. Bibliographic references

 

CHAPTER 4 NUTRITION AND SPECIFIC SPORT POPULATIONS

Topic 1 Nutrition for team sports

1. Introduction

2. Physiological characteristics of match play in team sports

3. Achieving ideal physique for team sports

4. Fuel for training adaptation, recovery and match preparation

5. Fuel and fluid for match play

6. Dietary supplements and sports foods for team sport athletes

7. Practical nutrition considerations for the team athlete

8. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 2 Fluid and food intake strategies of Olympic distance elite triathletes

1. Daily training nutrition issues

2. Competition nutrition issues

3. Bibliographic references

Topic 3 Nutritional aspects of post-exercise recovery: a gender difference

1. Introduction

2. Recovery and maintenance of energy stores: a gender difference?

3. Metabolic responses after prolonged exercise

4. Strategies for nutritional recovery and repletion of energy substrates after prolonged exercise

5. Metabolic responses during and following brief intense exercise

6. Chronic fatigue and management of daily energy balance

7. Recovery from exercise-induced bone damage

8. Evaporation and hydration strategies for recovery

9. Bibliographic references

 

CHAPTER 5: NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL COMPOSITION

Topic 1 Reducing fat mass and weight: strategies and potential risks for high-level athletes

1. Introduction

2. Strategies to reduce fat mass and lose weight used by Olympic athletes

2.1 Increasing exercise-related energy expenditure

2.2 Reducing energy intake

2.3 Other strategies based on appetite control

2.4 How should you lose weight?

3. Potential risks of such practices

4. Conclusion

5. Bibliographic references

 

Topic 2 Nutrition and control of muscle mass under situation of metabolic challenge

1. Introduction

2. Control of muscle mass

3. Prolonged exercise and muscle metabolism

4. Interaction between intracellular energy status and muscle build

5. Suitable nutritional behaviour

6. Energy intake during the event

7. Nutritional intake during recovery

8. Bibliographical references

 

Topic 3 Protein requirements and recommendations for athletes: arguments for practical recommendations

1. Introduction

2. Requirements or recommendations

3. General protein recommendations

4. Conclusion

5. Bibliographic references

 

 

Part 2 : The scientific contributions in the nutrition of the sportsman

 

CHAPTER 1 NUTRITION: FROM TRAINING TO COMPETITION

Topic 1 Energy recovery

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 2 Altitude

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 3 Competition

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 4 Travel abroad

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

 

CHAPTER 2 NUTRITION, SPORT AND HEALTH

Topic 5 Muscle and tendon pains

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 6 Bone

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 7 Eating

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 8

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 9

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

 

CHAPTER 3 NUTRITION AND LIFESTYLE

Topic 10

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 11 A Balanced diet

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

 

Topic 12 Sleep and alertness

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 13 The effects of alcohol

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 14 Dietary supplements

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

CHAPTER 4 NUTRITION AND SPECIFIC SPORT POPULATIONS

Topic 15 Specificity of the woman

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 16 The young athlete

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 17 Ramadan

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

 

CHAPTER 5 NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL COMPOSITION

Topic 18 Gain in muscle mass

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 19 Rapid variations in body weight

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

Topic 20 Fat mass reduction

- Questions and answers

- Practical applications

- Recipe École Lenôtre

 

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